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Tips to Prevent Getting an Infectious Disease While on Vacation

Dr. Brent W. Laartz thought he was in for the ride of his lifetime when he set out on a horseback riding excursion in Costa Rica.

Admittedly younger and more naïve than he is today, Laartz – an infectious disease specialist and author of the book How to Avoid Contagious Diseases…

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5 Surprising Facts about Colon Cancer You Did Not Know

Colon cancer is the second increasing cause of cancer-related deaths across the globe that affects both men and women. However, there’s a better chance no one knows the signs of colon cancer, how familiar a person should be screened, or what puts that person at a greater risk.

Knowing these basics and some of the less-known facts about colon cancer could help keep the person and those around them healthy.

1.People Regularly Overlook Colon Cancer Signs And Symptoms

When colon cancer is determined early, the survival rate is relatively high. However, too frequently, the signs and symptoms are ignored.

It can take 10 to 15 years for a typical cells and new polyps to develop into colon cancer. It is ample lead time to identify and remove the growths. Colon cancer rates have reduced over the last 20 years, which is attributed in large part to be better screening practices— but still only about half of U.S. adults age 50 and older follow screening suggestions.

Though the American Cancer Society recommend colorectal cancer screenings start at the age of 50, those with chances of the illness should talk to their doctors about starting annual screenings at an earlier age. Also speak to the physician about any of the following symptoms, which could be signs of colon cancer:

  •  Blood in the stool
  •  Bleeding of rectum
  •  Chronic abdominal bloating Cramping or pain 
  •  Diarrhea, constipation that is outside of the norm for you and continues for more than a few days
  •  Feeling the desire to have a bowel movement, but not being relieved after doing so
  •  Fatigue,weakness and unexplained weight loss

2. Doctor May Miss The Signs

Even if the patient identifies the symptoms of colon cancer, there’s a risk that will be misdiagnosed. As stated by a 2014 study, one in 20 adults are affected by a misdiagnosis. Moreover, though colon cancer misdiagnoses are relatively rare, affecting 0.007 percent of the adults annually, the potentially fatal results make the few diagnostic mistakes that do happen all the most vital.

Research shows different diagnostic procedures often have different results, and the doctor may simply misread a test result or underestimate the seriousness of the patient's symptoms. If the person has any concerns about diagnosis or lack there of, don’t be afraid to seek a second opinion.

3.Rates Are Higher And Results Worse For Certain Populations

Half of all premature colon cancer deaths are linking to disparities in race, education and geography, according to the American Cancer Society. Research has shown a growth in the incidence of death among colon cancer patients who are racial minorities, only have a high school education or less or live in the South.

4.Colon Cancer Threat Is Tied To Red Meat Consumption.

Multiple studies have linked a growth in the incidence of colon cancer to a diet rich in animal proteins, and especially red meat. Researchers found that red and processed meat consumption to be linked to an increased risk of cancer, particularly colorectal cancer.

It is crucial to note that these studies found correlations, not causation. In other words, they did not prove red meat causes colon cancer, merely that the two may be linked. On the other side, a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole grains may help reduce the risk, so redistributing portion sizes on the plate may be inorder.

5.IBD And Type 2 Diabetes Put You At Increased Risk     

If a person is suffering from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or types 2 diabetes, then they are at a higher danger of developing colon cancer. IBD includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, two state that causes chronic pain of the colon. This pain can lead to dysplasia or abnormal cells, that can become cancerous over time. Also, people with type 2 diabetes are at a greater risk. Much of this is due to shared possibility for diabetes and colon cancer, like obesity, but even after considering these factors, the higher rate remains as it is. The overall health of type 2 diabetes also means that they have a poor quality prognosis once diagnosed with colon cancer. For both of these diseases, officials suggest colon cancer screenings begin earlier and happen more regularly.

Colon Cancer Is Preventable

The possibility of Colon cancer treatment is within one's control. From managing a healthy weight to eating right and watching for unusual symptoms of colon cancer, one can lower the chances of getting the disease, and increase the likelihood of a positive result, thanks to early intervention. Even when there is a family history or a probability like IBD, frequent screenings can identify polyps before they become cancerous.

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